Cap-Gap Relief for F-1 Student before the H-1B status
As a F-1 student, with my 12-month OPT time close to the end, and I can only wait for the H-1B employer starting on October 1. To keep my legal status in U.S., am I eligible for the "cap-gap relief"? Are there other options to keep my status before October 1?
USCIS has regulation that addressed matters related to graduating F-1 students transitioning into H-1B employment. This regulation provided assistance, known as "cap gap" relief, for students facing status and employment eligibility gaps between the expiration of their OPT training time period and the start of H-1B employment. The H1B employment eligibility for most graduating foreign students is dependent upon availability of H-1B cap numbers.
Thus, there is often a gap between the expiration of a student's OPT training time and the earliest allowed start date (usually October 1st) of an H-1B status petition filed by the employer. Without cap-gap relief, many of these students had no way to remain in the U.S. and work for many months. The regulation addressed this problem, allowing more students to transition smoothly from F-1 visa to H-1B status.
The USCIS regulation also provided for a possible extension of OPT status, for an additional 17-month period for those graduates with degrees within the specified list of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) degrees. Along with the grant of this significant privilege came the requirements for maintenance of employment during the OPT period in order to maintain status.
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